Euro is the official currency of Ireland. Its currency symbol is €, EUR.
Dublin is the capital of the Republic of Ireland situated on the eastern side of the island.
English and Irish are the official languages of Ireland.
Salaries are paid either on a weekly or monthly basis.
GROW YOUR TEAM IN IRELAND
NO ENTITY, NO PROBLEM
To start growing your team in Ireland, you must establish a local entity- including an account with a local bank, a local office and an address registered as a subsidiary. This allows you to manage payroll, tax, benefits and compliance for your employees, but can take several months.
Emerald can hire and payroll your workers, quickly and compliantly with their ready to go entity. Make growing your team simple with Emerald as a global partner.
PROS AND CONS OF HIRING IN IRELAND
When exploring international expansion options in Europe, Ireland should not be disregarded. With English as its official language, a strong geographic position, and an emerging economy, it undoubtedly presents itself as a good expansion territory.
Ireland is among the leading European countries in technology, tourism, history and culture, with over six hundred thousand foreigners living in the country (10%+ of the population). Expats benefit from its welcoming local employment rules and low corporate taxes.
Ireland is also home to numerous companies’ European headquarters such as Google, Ryanair, IBM, Intel, Pfizer and Twitter.
Though it is an attractive prospect for businesses, setting up operations here can be a lengthy and costly process and the tax payment procedures are also complicated.
Employee costs in Ireland are expected to be 10-15% of their salary.
WHY IRELAND IS GOOD FOR REMOTE WORKERS
Recently, remote working in Ireland has become very popular, despite there being no legislation for a right to remote working and it being up to the employer to stipulate the employee’s work location. There is also no legislation regarding the employer’s obligation to pay any remote-working related costs.
Even with the country’s tax burden being relatively low compared to other EU Member States, the cost of living in Ireland can be high. Rent, utilities and transportation are among the higher cost categories.
Income tax in Ireland is expected to be 20% or 40% depending on income.
WORKING TIME AND OVERTIME IN IRELAND
The average working week in Ireland is 39 hours. The maximum number of hours an adult can work is 48 hours per week. There are some exceptions such as the Gardaí, defence forces, employees who control their own working hours and family employees on farms. There are special conditions for employees who work on Sundays. An employer must either provide a reasonable allowance, reasonable pay increase or reasonable paid time off work. With regards to overtime, there is no legal right to pay for working extra hours and there are no statutory levels of overtime pay. However, many employers pay employees higher rates of pay for overtime.
ANNUAL LEAVE AND IRELAND'S PUBLIC HOLIDAYS
Full time employees are entitled to a statutory minimum of four working weeks’ annual leave (usually 20 days for full time staff). In addition, there are 10 public holidays (1st January 2023) that employees are entitled to. If an employee works on a public holiday, they are entitled to a day’s pay or additional days leave in lieu. Annual leave and public holidays are calculated on a pro rata basis for part-time employees. Annual leave should be used in the agreed 12-month annual leave period. However, many employers allow days to be carried over, that must then be used within the first six months of the following year.
January 1st: New Year's Day
March 17th: Saint Patrick's Day
April 18th: Easter Monday
May 2nd: May Bank Holiday
June 6th: June Bank Holiday
August 1st: August Bank Holiday
October 31st: October Bank Holiday
December 25th: Christmas Day
December 26th: Saint Stephen's Day
PROBATION PERIOD IN IRELAND
The standard trial period, known as the probation period, should not exceed six months. The probation period may only be extended on an exceptional basis, where it is in the best interests of the employee.
RESIGNATION AND DISMISSAL IN IRELAND
An employee may unilaterally terminate their employment by providing written notice to their employer. During a probation period this is usually one week for both the employee and employer. This will be stated in the contract of employment. There is no statutory notice period for employees who have worked less than 13 weeks for an employer. After 13 weeks, the notice period an employee is required to provide will be stated in the contract of employment. If the contract of employment does not state a required notice period, then this will be the statutory minimum of one week. The most common notice period an employee is required to provide is one month's written notice. More senior level employees may have a longer notice period written into their contract, such as two or three months.
Once an employee has worked for an employer for over 12 months continually, they may only have their employment terminated on the grounds of one of the following:
- Personal, e.g lateness, absenteeism
- Other substantial grounds.
To mitigate any risk to the employer, it is imperative that there is a burden of proof or evidence and that the required investigation meeting and/or disciplinary hearings have taken place.
If an employer wishes to terminate an employee, the following notice periods will need to be followed in line with their length of service. Many employers choose to provide employees with one month's notice after their probation period ends.
|Length of Service||Minimum Notice|
|13 weeks - 2 years||1 week|
|2 years - 5 years||2 weeks|
|5 years - 10 years||4 weeks|
|10 years - 15 years||6 weeks|
|15+ years||8 weeks|
Notice periods can sometimes be bypassed in certain cases of misconduct and gross misconduct.
It is important that a fair process takes place for any dismissal cases. After an employee has been with an employer for a period of 12 months’ continuous service, they have the right to refer to the Unfair Dismissal Act 1977, which prevents employees from being dismissed without fair cause and process. This would then be referred to the Workplace Relations Commission and, if necessary, the Labour Court to make a claim against the employer.
CONTRACT OF EMPLOYMENT IN IRELAND
Anyone who works for an employer automatically has a contract of employment. The contract as a whole does not have to be in writing, but the employee must be provided with a written statement of terms of employment. A written statement containing 5 core terms must be provided within 5 days of employment. These are the full names of employer and employee, employer address, expected duration of contract (where the contract is temporary or fixed term), the rate or method of calculating pay and what the employer reasonably expects the normal length of the working day and week to be, in a normal working day and in a normal working week.
Previously, a written statement of the remaining terms of employment (contract) could be received within 2 months of starting work. As of 2023, this information now needs to be included within the written statement provided within 5 days of employment. This will need to included place of work, job title, date of employment started, pay intervals, T&C's relating to hours of work, paid leave, sick pay, pension, probation period, notice periods and details of collective agreements.
IRELAND'S MATERNITY LEAVE
Expectant mothers in Ireland are entitled to 26 weeks’ maternity leave plus an additional 16 weeks of unpaid leave. The employee must take at least two weeks before the expected due date and at least four weeks after the baby is born. Most employees are entitled to Maternity Benefit from the Department of Social Protection (DSP) if Pay Related Social Insurance (PRSI) contributions are enough.
Expectant fathers in Ireland are entitled to take two weeks’ paternity leave. This must be taken in one block within 26 weeks of the birth of the child. While on paternity leave, an employee will usually be entitled to paternity pay from the Department of Social Protection, depending on meeting certain PRSI eligibility criteria.
There is also an entitlement to parents’ leave in Ireland. This has recently been extended from five to seven weeks for children born or adopted after 1st July 2022. This leave must be used before the child turns two years old. An employee may qualify for payment of 250 EURO per week, depending on their PRSI contributions.
In addition to maternity, paternity and parents’ leave, employees also have the option of parental leave. This type of leave is unpaid and an employee is entitled to 26 weeks before a child's 12th birthday. Generally, an employee must have been working for their employer for at least one year before being entitled to this type of leave.
SICKNESS LEAVE IN IRELAND
From 2023, employees in Ireland will be entitled to up to 3 days of sick pay per year. This is due to increase to 5 days in 2024, 7 days in 2025 and 10 days in 2026. To be entitled to this, employees must have worked for their employer for a minimum of 13 weeks and provide their employer with a medical certificate from their GP stating they are unable to work. An employee will be entitled to up to 70% of their normal salary up to a maximum of 110 EURO per day.
The Irish social security system is known as Pay Related Social Insurance (PRSI). Contributions depend on what class the employee falls into, the most common being Class A. Deductions are 4% for employees and 11.05% for employers. Contributions will make an employee eligible for benefits such as Job Seekers, Maternity, Paternity, Illness Benefit.
HEALTHCARE AND INSURANCE
Ireland has a comprehensive, government funded public healthcare system. A person living in Ireland for at least one year is considered by the HSE to be ‘ordinarily resident’ and is entitled to either full eligibility (Category 1) or limited eligibility (Category 2) for health services. Many Irish employees also choose a Private Health Insurance, which offers a more rapid access to treatments and a wider choice in doctors and hospitals.
FOREIGN NATIONALS IN IRELAND
Most non-EEA nationals must have an employment permit to work in Ireland. The two most common types of employment permit are detailed below.
Critical Skills Employment Permit:
An application can be made if a person is offered a job in a profession that is either paid at a rate of at least €32,000 per year and on the critical skills occupation list, or paid at a rate of at least €64,000 per year and is not on the list of ineligible occupations. The critical skills employment permit is for skilled workers who are qualified in professions where there is a shortage of skills in Ireland. Applicants must usually have a relevant third level qualification but for some job types, may be eligible with a lesser qualification or equivalent work experience. Employers must offer a minimum two-year employment contract.
General Employment Permit:
A general employment permit is open to applicants that are offered a job that is paid at a rate of €30,000+ per year, not in a profession on the list of ineligible occupations, and for a business where more than half of employees are EEA nationals. This is called the 50:50 rule.
The company or business must be already trading in Ireland and registered with the Companies Register Office and Revenue. The employer must have tried to fill the post with an Irish or EEA citizen. They must show that they have advertised the job with EURES and the Department of Social Protection (DSP) for at least four weeks. They must also advertise the job in a national newspaper for at least three days, and in a local paper or through an online recruitment agency (that is not a DSP or EURES website) for three days.
MINIMUM WAGE IN IRELAND
The minimum wage for employees aged 20 and over in Ireland is currently €10.50 per hour. Every January, this is increased by the Irish Government. The minimum wage for employees ages 19-20 is €9.45 per hour and aged 18-19 is €10.
IRELAND'S INCOME TAX
The Irish tax year runs from January to December. Employees pay tax through a Pay-As-You-Earn (PAYE) system which is deducted from wages by employers before net payments are made to employees. Below is a table of tax thresholds for 2023.
|Single or Windowed or surviving civil partner, without qualifying children||€40,000||Balance|
Single or widowed or surviving civil partner, qualifying for Single Person Child Carer Credit
|Married couple/ civil partners. One income||€49,000||Balance|
|Married couple/ civil partners. Two incomes||
€49,000 (with an increase of €31,000 max)
SALARY PAYMENTS IN IRELAND
Salaries are typically paid on either a monthly or fortnightly period. Employers should pay employees by the last day of the month.
SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONS IN IRELAND
The social security contribution most employees in Ireland make is called Pay Related Social Insurance (PRSI) and is, like the name states, dependent on the income, but also on the type of work an employee is performing. Most employees are insured under Class A category. Employers will pay a 11.05% contribution for employees on a Class A category with earnings over €410 per week and 8.8% for earnings below €410 per week.
IRELAND'S SOCIAL CONTRIBUTION RATES
For Class A if an employee earns €352 or less per week before tax is deducted, they will not pay any social insurance. This does not mean that they are not getting a contribution. They are still covered by Class A social insurance. The employer is paying on their behalf.
For earnings over €352 per week a 4% PRSI deduction is made on all earnings.
A PRSI credit was introduced in 2016 which reduces the amount of PRSI payable for employees earning between €352.01 and €424 per week. The credit is tapered and the amount of the credit depends on earnings. The maximum credit is €12. For example, if an employee earns €352.01 per week, they will get the maximum PRSI credit of €12. On these earnings of €352.01, the PRSI charge (calculated at 4% of earnings) would be €14.08. After the €12 credit is deducted, the employee will pay €2.08 of PRSI.
If an employee earns between €352.01 and €424 per week, the maximum credit of €12 is reduced by one-sixth of the amount of weekly earnings over €352.01.
Employees can work out how much PRSI they will pay in four steps. First, calculate one-sixth of earnings over €352.01. Subtract this from the maximum credit of €12 to get the PRSI credit. Then calculate the basic PRSI charge at 4% of your earnings. Finally, deduct the PRSI credit from the PRSI charge. The result is the amount of PRSI payable.
For example, for gross weekly earnings of €377:
Calculate one-sixth of earnings over €352.01. €377- €352.01 = €24.99. Divided by 6 = €4.17. Subtract this from the maximum credit of €12, giving a credit of €7.83.
The basic PRSI charge is 4% of €377 = €15.08.
The employee will pay €7.25 PRSI weekly (€15.08 minus €7.83 PRSI credit).
WORKER MISCLASSIFICATION IN IRELAND
Similar to other countries, Ireland has strict rules on classifying individual contractors and full-time employees differently. Misclassifying your workers can put your business at risk of fines.