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How To Hire And Pay Employees In Indonesia

Emerald Technology's guide to hiring employees in Indonesia


Indonesian Rupiah is the official currency of Indonesia. Its currency symbol is Rp, IDR.

Employer Costs

Estimated at 10% - 11% of employee's salary


Emerald Technology can onboard employees within 48 hours.


Indonesian is the primary language, it is spoken by over 94% of the population. 

The population of Indonesia is 276.4 Million (based on World bank numbers as of 2021).

Salaries are paid monthly. Employers are required to pay a 13th month salary.



To start growing your team in Indonesia, you must establish a local entity- including an account with a local bank, a local office and an address registered as a subsidiary. This allows you to manage payroll, tax, benefits and compliance for your employees, but can take several months. 

Emerald can hire and payroll your workers, quickly and compliantly with their ready to go entity. Make growing your team simple with Emerald as a global partner.


With a population of over 260 million people, Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the world. The country has one of the fastest growing economies in Asia, with an average growth rate of 5% per year.

The business climate in Indonesia is stable and favourable for foreign investors. The country has a well-developed infrastructure, including an efficient financial system and efficient telecommunications which make it easy to conduct business activities.

However, conducting business in Indonesia poses some challenges, including language barriers and a lack of skilled workers.


Indonesia is one of the most popular places in the world to work remotely. The country has a strong economy with low unemployment, good internet access, and a friendly culture. It also offers great benefits for remote workers, including a low cost of living and good health insurance.


Employer Costs

Cost Rate
Health Insurance 4%
Social Security (Death in service, Long-term disability, Medical benefits, Worker's compensation insurance, maternity and paternity leave, pension and unemployment)

JHT - 3.7%
JP - 2%
JKK - 0.24%
JK - 0.03%




Indonesian employers are required to offer the following benefits to all full-time employees:

  • Death in service
  • Long-term disability
  • Short-term sickness
  • Healthcare
  • Worker's compensation insurance
  • Maternity and Paternity
  • Pension
  • Unemployment



Some employers like to offer additional benefits to improve employee retention and satisfaction.

  • Private Healthcare



Contracts in Indonesia must be in writing in the local language and can be bilingual. The contract must include:

  • KTP (Personal ID)
  • NPWP (Tax ID)
  • KK (Kartu Keluarga/ Family Card)
  • BPJS Ketenagakerjaan & Kesehatan
  • Photo
  • Latest CV
  • Bachelor Degree Certificate
  • Local IDR bank account
  • Reference letter


Probation Period

A probation period allows both an employer and employee to evaluate the employment match. The probation period can be implemented up to a maximum of three months.

Emerald Technology can provide a contract in Indonesia within 24 hours



Employers are required to contribute 4% of employees' salary to the Heath Care programme, with employees contributing 1%. For these contributions, salary is capped at IDR 8M per month.


Social Security

The social security in Indonesia covers the below:

  • Death Insurance
  • Healthcare
  • Old Age
  • Pensions
  • Work Accidents

Leave Policy

Maternity Leave

Under Indonesian law, businesses must give three month's paid maternity leave to pregnant employees, at least half of which must be taken after the birth.


Paternity Leave

Fathers in Indonesia working in the public sector are eligible for one month's paid paternity leave, while those in the private sector are granted two days.


Sickness Leave

Employees are entitled to 100% of their salary for their first four months of sickness. After this, their pay is reduced by 25% and an employer may terminate an employee who has been sick for 12 months. Sick pay is covered by the employer, not the government.


As the legal employer, Emerald Technology requires the following employee documents to ensure complete compliance:

- All documents included in the contract

Emerald Technology can onboard employees in Indonesia within 48 hours

Resignation and Dismissal

An employer can unilaterally dismiss an employee during their probation period or on the basis of disciplinary dismissal, performance, bankruptcy, acquisition or mergers, or inability to work on medical grounds. Outside of this, if an employer chooses to dismiss an employee, it must be with just cause, such as by mutual agreement, expiration of the contract, or on completion of assignment. There is no required notice period for employers in Indonesia. Employees may resign with 30 days' notice.



Severance pay varies depending on the reason for dismissal:

  • Standard severance pay: Employees that have worked less than a year are entitled to one month’s wage. Employees that have worked for more than one year are entitled to one month’s salary for each year of service (capped at nine months).
  • Long Service Pay: Employees are entitled to two months’ salary after the first three years of service, followed by an additional one month’s salary for every three years of service thereafter (capped at 10 months for 24 years’ service).

Statutory Time Off

Annual Leave

Full-time employees in Indonesia are entitled to a statutory minimum of 12 calendar days' annual leave per annum, once they have completed 12 months' continuous service.


Public Holidays

Indonesia has 15 public holidays.

  • New Years Day
  • Chinese New Year
  • Isra 'Mi'rag
  • Hindu New Year
  • Good Friday 
  • Eid Al Fitr
  • Waisak Day 
  • Ascension Day
  • Eid Al Fitr Day 2
  • Idul Adha
  • Pancasila Day 
  • Independence Day
  • Islamic New Year
  • Prophet Mohammad's Birthday
  • Christmas Day 

Work, Pay and Taxes

Minimum Wage

Indonesia's minimum wage is established by provincial and district authorities, which vary by province, district and sector. The Indonesian monthly minimum wage varies from IDR 1.1M in Central Java to 3.1M in Jakarta.


Working Time and Overtime

The standard working week is 40 hours per week, split across either six days (seven hours per day) or five days (eight hours per day).

If employers require overtime, they must pay 1.5x the employee's regular wages for the first hour and 2x their regular wages for every hour after. The maximum overtime permissible is three hours per day or 14 hours per week. Senior level positions are excluded from overtime regulations.


Salary Payments

Salary payments in Indonesia are usually paid monthly and on the last working day, or another date stated in the employment contract.



There is a statutory requirement to pay employees a 12th month salary which is called THR - a religious holiday pay to reflect the religious diversity in the country.


Income Tax

The individual income tax ranges from 5% - 30%.

Salary Tax Percentage
0 - IDR 50M 5%
IDR 50M - ISE 250M 15%
IDR 250M - IDR 500M 25%
IDR 500M 30%



Similar to other countries, Indonesia has strict rules on classifying individual contractors and full-time employees differently. Misclassifying your workers can put your business at risk of fines.


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